Millions of toys are out there, and hundreds of new ones hit the stores each year. Toys are supposed to be fun and are an important part of any child's development. But each year, alot of kids are treated in hospital emergency departments for toy-related injuries. Choking is a particular risk for kids ages 3 or younger, because they tend to put objects in their mouths.
Manufacturers follow certain guidelines and label most new toys for specific age groups. But perhaps the most important thing a parent can do is to supervise play.
The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) closely monitors and regulates toys. Any toys made in — or imported into — the United States after 1995 must comply with CPSC standards.
Here are some general guidelines to keep in mind when shopping for toys:
Read all warnings and instructions on the box.
Ask yourself or the parent if the toy is right for the child's ability and age. Consider whether other smaller children may be in the home that may have access to the toy.Avoid purchasing toys with sharp or rigid points, spikes, rods, or dangerous edges.
Look for the letters "ASTM." This designation means the product meets the national safety standards set by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM).
Don’t give toys with small parts to young children. Young kids tend to put things in their mouths, increasing the risk of choking. If any part of a toy can fit in a toilet paper roll, the toy is not appropriate for children under the age of 3.
Do not purchase toys with long strings or cords, especially for infants and very young children as these can become wrapped around a child’s neck.
Always dispose of uninflated or broken balloons immediately. According to the CPSC, more children have suffocated from them than any other type of toy.
Have a Safe and Happy Holidays
Southeast District Health Department
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pertusssis (Whooping cough) is verycontagious and can cause serious illness - especially in infants who are too young to be fully vaccinated. Make sure your infants and young children get their recommended five shots on time. Adolescent and adult vaccination is also important, especailly for families with new infants.
Swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears or jaw on one or both sides of the face (parotitis)
Mumps is spread by droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat of an infected person, usually when the person coughs, sneezes or talks. Items used by an infected person, such as cups or soft drink cans, can also be contaminated with the virus, which may spread to others if those items are shared. In addition, the virus may spread when someone with mumps touches items or surfaces without washing their hands and someone else then touches the same surface and rubs their mouth or nose.
Most mumps transmission likely occurs before the salivary glands begin to swell and within the 5 days after the swelling begins. Therefore, CDC recommends isolating mumps patients for 5 days after their glands begin to swell.
If you have mumps, there are several things you can do to help prevent spreading the virus to others:
Minimize close contact with other people, especially babies and people with weakened immune systems who cannot be vaccinated.
Stay home from work or school for 5 days after your glands begin to swell, and try not to have close contact with other people who live in your house.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, and put your used tissue in the trash can. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands.
Wash hands well and often with soap, and teach children to wash their hands too.
Don’t share drinks or eating utensils.
Regularly clean surfaces that are frequently touched (such as toys, doorknobs, tables, counters) with soap and water or with cleaning wipes.
There are many items in the news about illnesses which are currently circulating in the world. Southeast District Health Department would like to remind you to take simple precautions to stay healthy.
Hand washing when done correctly kills over 99% of all germs.
Before, during, and after preparing food
Before eating food
Before and after caring for someone who is sick
Before and after treating a cut or wound
After using the toilet
After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet
After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste
After touching garbage
After returning home from being out in public
Stay up to date on immunizations
This applies to children and adults.
The single best way to prevent the spread of influenza is to be immunized.
Eat a balanced diet.
Get 8 hours of sleep per night.
Drink plenty of water.
Buckle up, and don’t text or use other electronic gadgets while driving.
For questions, call Southeast District Health Department toll free at 877-777-0424 or visit us on the web at: www.sedhd.org.
The 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first in West Africa. The current outbreak is affecting four countries in West Africa: Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone but does not pose a significant risk to the United States. A small number of cases in Nigeria have been associated with a man from Liberia who traveled to Lagos and died from Ebola, but the virus does not appear to have been widely spread.
CDC is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization, and other domestic and international partners and has activated its Emergency Operations Center to help coordinate technical assistance and control activities with partners. CDC has also deployed teams of public health experts to West Africa and continues to send public health experts to the affected countries.